Submission Guidelines

Please read the guidelines below then visit the Journal’s submission site to upload your manuscript.

Please note that manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned.


Manuscripts should describe the original work of the authors that has not been previously published in a refereed journal and is not currently under consideration for publication in another journal. By submitting to the Journal, the authors are taking public responsibilities of the legality and originality of the work.
The paper should normally be between 2,500 and 10,000 words, excluding references. Texts should be written in Microsoft Word format (.doc, .docx).

Title page

The title page should include:   The name(s) of the author(s) and affiliation, including the institution name, country name and the e-mail address of each author, name of the corresponding author.


There are no strict formatting requirements, but all manuscripts must contain the essential elements needed to convey your manuscript:

  • Abstract
  • Background or Introduction
  • Methods or Material and Methods
  • Results
  • Discussion
  • Conclusion
  • Competing interests or Disclosure
  • Funding
  • Acknowledgements (if desired)
  • Authors´ contributions
  • Name of the corresponding author and his e-mail address
  • References


The abstract should be viewed as a mini version of the paper and should not exceed 300 words. The Abstract should state the objectives and the scope of the investigation, the methodology employed, and summarise the results and conclusions.

There are strict formatting requirements for the abstract:

  • Background or Introduction
  • Methods or Material and Methods
  • Results
  • Conclusion
  • Keywords (5 to 8 keywords)

Background or Introduction

Background or Introduction should provide a review of recent literature and sufficient background information to allow the results of the paper to be understood and evaluated. It should clearly explain the nature of the problem, previous work, purpose, and contribution of the paper.

Methods or Material and Methods

Which section should provide details of the set-up and the methods used for obtaining the results. Use headings and subheadings as needed.


The results section should clearly and concisely present data using figures and tables where appropriate. Use headings and subheadings as needed.


The discussion should describe the relationships and generalisations shown by the results and discuss the significance of the results, making comparisons with previously published work. Because of the nature of some studies, it may be appropriate to combine the Results and Discussion sections into a single section to improve clarity and make it easier for the reader. Use headings and subheadings as needed.


The conclusion is intended to help the reader understand why your research should matter to them after they have finished reading the paper. A conclusion is not merely a summary of your points or a re-statement of your research problem but a synthesis of key points.

Competing interests or Disclosure

All submissions must include disclosure of all relationships that could be viewed as presenting a potential conflict of interest.


All sources of funding for research must be explicitly stated.

Acknowledgements (if desired)

Other financial and material support, specifying the nature of the support, should be acknowledged as well. A maximum of five printed lines (about 300 letters and spaces) are allowed for acknowledgements.

Authors´ contributions

All persons designated as authors should qualify for authorship. The order of authorship should be a joint decision of the coauthors.

All authors must also certify that they have contributed substantially to conception and design or analysis and interpretation of the data, drafting or revision of content, and approval of the final version.


Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list.

If possible, specify the DOI or PubMed ID (PMID) for each reference in the reference list.




For the body of your document, use Arial or Times New Roman, 10-point. The whole document should be fully justified.

No headers and footers, no page numbers.


Headings should be 12-point, sentence case, bold.


Subheadings should be 10-point sentence case, bold.


Tables: Text size is 9-point; all captions should be sentence case and left-oriented.

If possible, please submit tables as editable text and not as images.


Equations should be on a separate line in the main body of the text and marked on the right-hand side of the page with numbers in round brackets.


Always use a minimum of 300 dpi.

Figures must be cited in consecutive numerical order in the text and referred to in both the text and the caption as Figure 1, Figure 2, etc. Captions should be in sentence case and left-oriented. Figures and images must be embedded in your document.

Number the illustrations according to their sequence in the text.

Regardless of the application used, when your electronic artwork is finalized, please ‘save as’ or convert the images to JPG formats.
Remember: Always use a minimum of 300 dpi.

Please do not:

  • Supply files that are too low in resolution.
  • Submit figures that are disproportionately large for the content.
  • Please ensure the figures and the tables included in the single file are placed next to the relevant text in the manuscript.


Authors should submit their papers online via the Journal’s online submission system:

Please send your paper in Word format (.doc or .docx) to

After the paper is submitted, the corresponding author will receive an acknowledgement confirming receipt.